- 1 The 24 Indian Dog Breeds
- 2 1. Indian Pariah Dog (Desi Dog)
- 3 2. Maratha Hound
- 4 3. Sengottai Dog
- 5 4. Rajapalayam
- 6 5. Alunku Tanjore (Indian Hairless Dog)
- 7 6. Chippiparai
- 8 7. Kombai (Indian Terrier)
- 9 8. Kattakal
- 10 9. Malayeri Dog
- 11 10. Taji (Tazi)
- 12 11. Soneri Kutta
- 13 12. Mudhol Hound (Caravan Hound)
- 14 13. Rampur Greyhound
- 15 14. Indian Spitz
- 16 16. Kaikadi
- 17 17. Ramanathapuram Mandai
- 18 18. Bully Kutta (Indian Bully)/ Alangu Mastiff
- 19 19. Bakharwal Dog
- 20 20. Gaddi Kutta (Indian Leopard Hound)
- 21 21. Kumaon Mastiff
- 22 22. Gull Dong
- 23 23. Gull Terrier
- 24 24. Vikhan
- 25 FAQ
- 26 Final Thoughts
Are you a dog lover? Well, get ready to be amazed by the incredible diversity of Indian dog breeds.
India is home to a wide range of unique and fascinating dogs, each with its own distinct characteristics and traits.
In this article, we are trying to cover almost all the native Indian dog Breeds so that they can get recognisiton and respect they need.
In this List of Indian dogs you might hear some of breeds name for the first-time. So, let’s embark on a journey through India’s canine heritage and discover the beauty and diversity of its indigenous dog breeds.
The 24 Indian Dog Breeds
1. Indian Pariah Dog (Desi Dog)
The Indian Pariah Dog, also known as the Desi Dog or Indian Native Dog, is not only a beloved companion but also a symbol of resilience and adaptability within the diverse cultural landscape of India.
These dogs have been an integral part of Indian households for centuries, serving as loyal protectors and companions to their owners.
They are known for their medium-sized, well-proportioned bodies, with erect ears and a curved tail. Their short coat comes in a variety of colors, including black, brown, and white.
Indian Pariah Dogs are highly intelligent and possess a strong instinct to guard their territory. They are also incredibly adaptable, able to thrive in a wide range of environments, from bustling urban cities to rural villages.
With their friendly and affectionate nature, it’s no wonder that these dogs have become cherished members of countless Indian families.
2. Maratha Hound
With its graceful and elegant appearance, the Maratha Hound captivates admirers and embodies the essence of a true aristocrat.
This breed, also known as the Marathi Greyhound, hails from the western state of Maharashtra in India.
It is a medium-sized dog with a well-muscled body and a sleek, short coat that comes in various colors like fawn, brindle, and black.
The Maratha Hound is known for its exceptional speed and endurance, making it an ideal hunting companion.
Its slender frame and long legs allow it to effortlessly chase prey, while its keen sense of sight and smell aids in tracking.
Despite its hunting abilities, this breed also makes a loyal and affectionate family pet. It is intelligent, trainable, and known for its gentle and friendly nature.
The Maratha Hound requires regular exercise and mental stimulation to thrive, making it suitable for active households that can provide ample opportunities for play and exploration.
3. Sengottai Dog
You’ll be amazed by the unique characteristics and history of the Sengottai dog. Originating from Sengottai in Tamil Nadu, this Indian dog breed is known for its unparalleled loyalty and protective nature.
The Sengottai looks quite similar to a Rhodesian Ridgeback, Muscualr and sturdy. Senogttai was used for hunting. People of kerala also used this fearless dog to hunt down big predators like tigers.
The Sengottai dog is highly intelligent and very trainable, some even claims that they can be used for police and military work. They’re also gentle and affectionate with their families, making them excellent companions.
This breed requires regular exercise and mental stimulation to thrive. With their rich history and versatile skills, the Sengottai dog is a remarkable breed that embodies the beauty and strength of Indian dog breeds.
It is extremely rare breed and it is believed that are extinct.
Imagine yourself standing in the vast open fields of Tamil Nadu, and in the distance, you spot a regal and majestic Rajapalayam dog, with its pure white coat glimmering in the sunlight.
The Rajapalayam also known as Polygar dog is a rare and ancient breed indigenous to the town of Rajapalayam in Tamil Nadu, India.
Known for its loyalty and bravery, this breed was originally bred for hunting wild boars and guarding estates.
The Rajapalayam is a muscular and athletic dog with a strong and sturdy build. It has a broad chest, a long and powerful tail, and a distinctive deep bark that can be heard from afar.
Its coat is short, dense, and pure white, giving it a striking appearance. Despite its size and strength, the Rajapalayam is known to be gentle and affectionate towards its family members.
This breed requires regular exercise to keep it physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and training sessions are essential to keep the Rajapalayam happy and healthy. They’re intelligent dogs and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods.
Due to their protective nature, Rajapalayams are best suited for experienced dog owners who can provide them with proper socialization and training.
They’re not recommended for first-time dog owners or families with small children. With the right care and training, the Rajapalayam can make a devoted and loyal companion.
5. Alunku Tanjore (Indian Hairless Dog)
As you explore the diverse breeds of dogs in Tamil Nadu, one breed that stands out is the Alunku Tanjore, an incredibly unique and rare hairless dog. there is not much information regarding this breed.
This breed is native to the Tanjore (Thanjavur) region of India and is known for its distinct appearance and characteristics.
The Alunku Tanjore has a hairless body, with patches of soft and velvety skin. Their skin is usually dark in color, providing protection from the harsh sun.
Despite their lack of fur, they’re incredibly resilient and adaptable to different climates.
Alunku dog is extremely alert and courageous.
Get ready to meet the Chippiparai, a magnificent breed of dog that will leave you in awe with its grace, agility, and unwavering loyalty.
Originating from Tamil Nadu, India, the Chippiparai is known for its sleek and elegant appearance. With a well-muscled body and a deep chest, this breed is built for speed and endurance.
Their short, smooth coat comes in various colors, including black, brown, and fawn. Chippiparais are highly intelligent and make excellent hunting and guard dogs. They’re fiercely loyal to their families and are known to be protective.
However, they can be reserved with strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. These dogs require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. With proper training and socialization, the Chippiparai can be a loving and devoted companion.
7. Kombai (Indian Terrier)
The Kombai, also known as the Indian Terrier, will captivate you with its fierce and courageous spirit. This breed hails from the Kombai region in Tamil Nadu, India. It was historically used for hunting wild boar and guarding homes.
The Kombai is a medium-sized dog with a muscular build and a distinctive red coat. They have a strong prey drive and excellent agility, which makes them natural hunters.
In terms of temperament, Kombais are loyal, protective, and highly trainable. They are known for their intelligence and quick learning abilities. However, they require consistent and firm training to ensure they become well-rounded companions.
Kombais are best suited for experienced dog owners who can provide them with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation, and a strong leadership role.
Kattakal dogs also know as Kattai dog is an ancient Indian dog breed. There is no record regarding their origin but it is believed that they are originated from the state of Kerala.
Kattakal dogs have almond shaped eyes, short strong legs, long body and thick tail. they can be found in various coat colors like white, brown, black, red, fawn, brindle, etc.
These dogs are very loyal to people they know. When socialized properly they can get along with other dogs as well. But, they can be aloof or cautious of strangers.
These dogs are excellent watch dogs and they are extremely adaptable. You keep them at apartment or can use it as farm a dog.
The unique combination of beauty, intelligence, and loyalty makes the Kattakal breed a truly remarkable addition to any household.
9. Malayeri Dog
Malayeri is an amazing indian rare dog breed. It is believed to be originated in Tamil Nadu-kerala border.
As this dogs are great mountain climbers they are given them Malayeri in which “Malai” means Mountain and “Yeri” means meanig mountain climber in Tamil.
They are also Know as Malaipati meaning Mountain dog (Malai – mountain and Pati- dog in tamil).
These dog were used by the tribal peoples in the mountanious region of kerala tamil nadu border for hunting, herding and guarding their cattle animals.
Malayeri dogs has standing ears, slender body and strong long legs. They can be found in red, black and tan colour.
These dogs are loyal and very friendly to its family member and livestock but can show some aggression towards stranger.
10. Taji (Tazi)
Taji, also known as Tazi, is a breed of dog that is believed to be orinated from india., this breed is known for its elegant appearance and graceful movements.
It is extremely rare to find pure indian tazi dogs as they are believed to be going extinct.
Taji dogs are found in other coutries and known by the name like Kazakhstan Tazi or Kazak Tazi, Turkmanistan Tazi, Russian Tazi, etc. and each Tazi looks slighlty different drom each other.
Indian Taji dogs have a well-proportioned body, with a lean build. They have a short, smooth coat that comes in various colors, including black, fawn, and brown.
With their keen sense of smell and excellent hunting skills, Taji dogs were traditionally used for hunting small game, such as rabbits and foxes.
Despite their hunting background, peple that have owned says that they are quite playful and affectionate towards them.
11. Soneri Kutta
The soneri kutta is native to northern India Typically, found in the uttar Pradesh region.
No, one Surely knows about theri exact origin. But, it is believed that the British introduced water dogs, such as Labradors, to India, and They crossed with our Indian local dogs like pariah dog resulting in the Soneri Kutta.
Originally used by farmers around the Sone River to retrieve buffalo from the water, they have proven to be active, athletic, and sturdy, making them ideal work dogs.
These dogs are known for their exceptional stamina, energy levels, loyalty to a single person, and their ability to swim for hours.
12. Mudhol Hound (Caravan Hound)
Imagine yourself running alongside the wind, with the Mudhol Hound, a majestic and swift creature that embodies grace and elegance. Originally bred in the town of Mudhol in Karnataka, India, this breed is also known as the Caravan Hound.
They are prized for their incredible speed and endurance, making them excellent hunting and racing companions.
The Mudhol Hound has a lean and muscular body, with a deep chest and long legs that allow it to cover great distances effortlessly.
Their coat is short and dense, usually in shades of fawn, brindle, or black. With a sleek and aerodynamic build, they can reach impressive speeds of up to 40 miles per hour.
These hounds are highly intelligent and loyal, making them excellent family pets as well. They are known for their calm and gentle nature, and they get along well with children and other animals.
If you’re looking for a noble and athletic dog breed that combines beauty and functionality, the Mudhol Hound is definitely worth considering.
13. Rampur Greyhound
If you’re searching for a swift and regal companion, look no further than the Rampur Greyhound.
This magnificent breed originated in Rampur, a small town in Northern India. Known for their exceptional speed and agility, Rampur Greyhounds are often used for hunting and racing.
They have a lean and muscular body, with a deep chest and long legs that enable them to cover vast distances in a short period of time.
Their coat is short and dense, coming in various colors such as black, fawn, brindle, or a combination of these.
Despite their hunting heritage, Rampur Greyhounds are gentle and affectionate dogs, making them wonderful family pets.
They are intelligent and trainable, but require regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy.
If you’re looking for a loyal and athletic companion, the Rampur Greyhound may be the perfect fit for you.
14. Indian Spitz
The Indian Spitz, with its fluffy white coat and friendly disposition, is a delightful companion that will surely brighten up your life.
This breed is a smaller version of the German Spitz and is known for its intelligence and loyalty.
Indian Spitz dogs have a well-proportioned body, with a wedge-shaped head, erect ears, and a bushy tail that curls over its back.
They have a thick double coat that helps them withstand the harsh Indian climate. Despite their small size, Indian Spitz dogs are active and energetic, requiring regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy.
They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in both urban and rural environments. Indian Spitz dogs are known for their friendly nature and get along well with children and other pets.
They make excellent family pets and are always ready to shower their owners with love and affection.
The Kaikadi dog is a rare breed of dog that originated in Maharashtra, India. This medium-sized dog is known for its alertness, agility, and strong work ethic.
Kaikadi dogs were used by the kaikadi people for herding and hunting down the small preys like rabbits, lizards and various other rodents.
The Kaikadi dog has muscular build and a short, smooth coat, well-suited for the Indian climate.
They have a friendly and affectionate nature, making them excellent family pets. Traimg them can be slightly difficult as they are quite indepent
They’re also known for their exceptional guarding skills, making them an ideal choice for home security.
This breed requires regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. With their unique characteristics and devoted nature, the Kaikadi is a wonderful addition to any dog lover’s life.
17. Ramanathapuram Mandai
There is no much information about the origin of the Ramanathapuram Mandai but it is belived that this breed has been existed for the long time in the Ramanathapuram region of Tamil Nadu.
Mandai dogs were used by farmers and shepherds for hunting, herding and protect their farm animals.
Appearnce wise, mandai dog has lean muscular body with thick neck and round skull with wide forhead with hanging ears. Mandai dog always has white color on its feet, face, and at the tip of the tai.
Mandai dogs are courageous and very loyal dog breed. They are exceptional guard dogs and it is important to socialize them so they get along with other animals, people and kids.
18. Bully Kutta (Indian Bully)/ Alangu Mastiff
Now, let’s move on to a fascinating breed known as the Bully Kutta, also called the Indian Bully.
Bully kutta are also known buy various other names like pakistani mastiff, Indian Mastiff, alangu masttif, Sindhi Mastiff, etc.
This breed has a strong and muscular build, with a broad head and a powerful jaw. Believed to be Originating from Punjab in India, the Indian Bully was primarily bred for guarding and fighting purposes.
With a thick and dense coat, they can withstand harsh weather conditions. This breed is known for its loyalty and protective nature towards its family, making them excellent guard dogs.
However, they require experienced and assertive owners who can provide them with proper training and socialization.
Due to their strong instincts, early socialization is crucial to ensure they are well-behaved around other animals and strangers.
The Bully kutta is a remarkable breed that displays strength, intelligence, and loyalty, making them a popular choice among dog enthusiasts.
19. Bakharwal Dog
The Bakharwal Dog, also known as the Bakarwali Shepherd Dog, will captivate you with its majestic presence and regal appearance.
This ancient breed originated in ladakh and also found in the state of Jammu and Kashmir primarily used as a livestock guardian.
It is a large and powerful dog, with a sturdy build and a dense, weather-resistant coat that comes in various colors.
The Bakharwal Dog is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature. It forms strong bonds with its family and is gentle and affectionate towards them. However, it can be wary of strangers and has a strong guarding instinct.
This breed requires a firm and consistent owner who can provide them with proper training and socialization.
20. Gaddi Kutta (Indian Leopard Hound)
Gaddi Kutta, a gallant guardian, gains great admiration for its grace and grit. This magnificent Indian Leopard Hound is known for its strong and muscular build, making it a formidable protector.
With its powerful jaws and sharp senses, the Gaddi Kutta excels in guarding livestock and properties, making it a popular choice among shepherds and farmers in the Himalayan region.
Its thick double coat, designed to withstand the harsh mountain climate, is another remarkable feature of this breed.
The Gaddi Kutta is a highly intelligent and loyal dog, always alert and ready to defend its family. Despite its imposing appearance, it is known to be gentle and affectionate with children and other animals.
This majestic breed truly embodies the spirit of a fearless and devoted companion.
21. Kumaon Mastiff
There is almost no correct information about this breed over the internet. the dog image I have mentioned on the left side is the real Kumaon mastiff and the image of the dog mentioned on the right side is not a kumaon mastiff but you will see this image all over the internet saying it is a kumaon mastiff which is very wrong.
Kumaon Mastiff is one of the oldest Indian dog breed and are believed to be originated in the kumaon region in Uttarakhand. Kumoan people used this breed for guarding their cattle animals.
However, exact information about the origin of this breed is still unknown. The kumaon looks extremely similar to Gaddi kutta in appearance. They have almond shaped eyes, big head and hanging ears.
The color of the coat can be brown or red with brindle patterns. They are ver loyal kind and lovaing towards its family member but also posses a strong instict to protect them as well. Making them a great addition to any household.
22. Gull Dong
Gull Dong is considered as native Indian breed. Although some scientist says they are originated in Pakistan.
The Gulldong is a mix between a Indian bully Kutta and Gull terrier. This combination results in a dog that possesses amazing strength with extremely strong robust attitude.
In appearance, Gull Dongs looks somewhat similar to staffordshire Bull terrier. It is small ears, short muzzle/ snout and has short smoot coat.
The Gulldong is extremely loyal. But they are extremely independent and can show some aggression towards the stranger and other animals.
As, they were used in illeagle dog fighting in the past. In some places, they are still used as fighting dogs.
So, Gull Dong is not recommended for the first time owners. As it can be dominating dog and it requires strong and confident experience owner to handle them.
23. Gull Terrier
Gull Terriers, also known as the Indian Bull Terrier or gull terr, are medium-sized dogs with a muscular build and a powerful jaw originated in the punjab region of India and Pakistan.
They are existance of the gull terrier can be lead back to british raj era, when the britishers were ruling in India they bring several foriegn breeds including the bull terrier along with them.
It is believed that the bull terriers are crosses with other indian land race dog breeds resulting into Gull terrier we know today.
They have a strong prey drive and are known for their agility and speed. Gull Terriers make excellent guard dogs and are fiercely loyal to their families.
With proper training and socialization, they can be friendly and affectionate towards children and other pets. These intelligent and energetic dogs require regular exercise and mental stimulation to thrive.
Gull Terriers are a true testament to the diversity and beauty of Indian dog breeds.
To truly appreciate the diversity and beauty of Indian dog breeds, you must consider the unique characteristics and history of the Vikhan.
Originating from the Himachal pradesh, they can also be found in india-pakistan border region as well.
This breed was used for guarding livestock and they were even used to hunt down leopards and other animals that are threat to the livestock.
They are extremely agile and fierce breed as well very loyal and protective to its owner.
They are aggressive protectors so may not right pet for the kids.
It is a rare breed and no one knows how many of them are left. its such a same that most not even know such breed is existed.
What is the origin of the Indian Pariah Dog?
The Indian Pariah dog originated in India and is one of the oldest and most primitive dog breeds. It is believed to be descended from the ancient Indian wolves and has adapted to survive in various environments.
How does the Indian Mastiff differ from other mastiff breeds?
The Indian Mastiff, also known as the Indian Bully, differs from other mastiff breeds in its size and temperament. While it may be smaller in stature, it compensates with its agile and protective nature.
Are Indian Bull Terriers suitable for families with children?
Yes, Indian Bull Terriers can be suitable for families with children. They are known for their playful and affectionate nature. However, it’s important to supervise interactions and teach children how to properly handle and interact with dogs to ensure everyone’s safety.
What is the temperament of the Mudhol Hound?
The Mudhol Hound is known for its gentle and friendly temperament, making it suitable for families with children. This breed is loyal, intelligent, and adaptable, making it a great choice for an active and loving household.
Can the Indian Spitz adapt well to apartment living?
Yes, the Indian Spitz can adapt well to apartment living. They are small in size, energetic, and require regular exercise. However, they are also known for their adaptability and can thrive in smaller living spaces.
In simple terms, Indian dog breeds represent the rich and diverse culture of India. From the loyal and adaptable Indian Pariah Dog to the brave and strong Rajapalayam, each breed has its own unique story of companionship and loyalty.
These dogs have been beloved members of Indian families for many years, forming strong bonds with their owners.
Just like these dogs, we should also value and celebrate our individual qualities, embracing our heritage and finding strength in our differences.
Hope you found it helpful
Thank you for Reading.